Understanding Perimenopause and its Causes: Symptoms and Treatment Options

April 26, 2023 0 Comments

Perimenopause or menopause transition is a normal biological process for women with age. It is the time between menopause and the cessation or menstruation of 12 consecutive monthly periods. During perimenopause, the hormone levels in a woman’s body begin to fluctuate. These fluctuations can cause various physical and psychological symptoms. It is unknown how long perimenopause lasts, but the average period can be several years. This article will teach you about the symptoms, causes, and treatments for perimenopause.

Perimenopause: What Are The Causes?

Perimenopause happens when estrogen and progesterone production in a woman’s body decreases. These hormones help regulate the menstrual flow and maintain reproductive system health. As a female approaches menopause, the ovaries start to produce less estrogen.

Many factors affect the length of perimenopause and its beginning. These factors include

  • Age: Perimenopause is usually triggered in women’s 40s. It can, however, start earlier.
  • Genetics: A woman’s family history can impact the timing and duration of perimenopause. Women with mothers and sisters who experienced early menopause could also begin perimenopause.
  • Smoking: Women who smoke will experience perimenopause symptoms sooner than non-smokers.
  • Medical history: Some medical conditions or treatments that affect hormones can lead to perimenopause. Some examples include cancer treatments, autoimmune conditions, and surgeries that remove ovaries.

Perimenopause and Its Symptoms

Perimenopause symptoms can be varied in severity and duration. Some of the perimenopause’s most common symptoms include:

As hormone levels fluctuate, a women’s menstrual cycle may become irregular. This can lead to heavier, shorter, or longer periods than usual.

  • Hot flashes and Night Sweats: Fluctuating hormonal levels can cause sudden feelings such as heat, sweating, or chills. A rapid pulse rate or anxiety often accompanies this.
  • Perimenopause causes sleep disturbances: Perimenopause affects the ability to fall asleep and stay asleep.
  • Mood fluctuations: Hormone fluctuation can cause mood swings and irritability. It can also lead to anxiety and depression.

Decreased Estrogen Levels Can Cause Itching and Discomfort

Lower libido. Hormone fluctuations can also impact a woman’s sexual desire and ability to be aroused.

Physical symptoms of perimenopause also include headaches. Joint pain can also be a problem, as well as urinary problems. Although perimenopause is difficult for women, several treatment options can help them cope.

Treatment of Perimenopause

Treatment options for women in perimenopause vary depending on their symptoms, duration, and health history. Some of perimenopause’s most common treatment options include:

Hormone therapy involves taking estrogen alone or in combination with progesterone for perimenopause. While hormone therapy is often effective, not all women are suitable candidates, particularly those with a family history of cancer, blood disorders, or other medical conditions.

Other medications that are not hormonal: Antidepressants, blood pressure medications, and other medications can reduce hot flashes.

Lifestyle changes: Lifestyle change can also help with perimenopause. Exercise, healthy eating, stress reduction techniques, and avoiding alcohol or smoking can all be included.

Alternative therapies such as acupuncture, herbal supplements, and mindfulness practice can reduce symptoms. There is limited evidence to back up the effectiveness of these alternative therapies. However, many women have found them beneficial.


This article will provide you with all the information necessary to make an informed decision about your treatment at Life Line Medical Associates. We are confident that with the right attention and care, our treatments will help you to transition through this stage of life smoothly and comfortably. Do not hesitate to contact us and schedule a consultation if you want to know more about our services.